The problem of soil depletion, namely, loss of vital elements necessary for plants, from year to year became the topical and global issue.
        The most complex problem is dealing with acidic-type soils which areas in Ukraine expand rapidly. This substantially contributed to:
         - vast application of residual acid-forming fertilizers (ammonia nitrate, ammonia sulfate, acid superphosphate, monoammonium phosphate)
         - natural soil leaching (decalcification)
         - drop of organic fertilizers usage.
         Acidic-type soils are poor in calcium and magnesium content. They also carry alumina and iron oxides that prevent plants’ assimilation of vital elements.
        How to resolve this problem, how to use natural fertilizers and how to improve yields? These are issues for every farmer today.
        Ash is very simple and accessible component that could help.
        Ash is a mineral residue forming in burning of organics. This is unique potassium/phosphorous fertilizer containing up to 30 mineral components and minor-nutrient elements. Ash is full of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur and at the same time is free from CHLORINE. This is its great virtue because chlorine undermines plant growth (e.g. cabbage, potato etc.).
       High-lime ash is a very good alkaline fertilizer able to deoxygenate soils rapidly. It improves soil structure and creates favorable conditions for bacterial growth. Ash applies during primary cultivation in autumn or in spring (for sandy soils). It is necessary to incorporate ash at a depth of 8-10 cm with no remainder at the surface in order to prevent generation of soil cap. Normally it is necessary to incorporate 100-200 g (one drinking glass is equal to 100 g of ash) per square meter. This fertilizer has long-term effect, from 2 up to 5 years.
        Ash can be applied directly to plant holes while planting vegetable crops (potato, tomato, pepper etc.) or as a solution, namely, 100 g of ash per 10 l of water shall be mixed and then water the plants in near-bush zones (0,5 l for every plant); do not wait when the soluble portion settle down, prevent contact with stems and leaves because this can induce blights. Fertilizing shall be made after watering.
       You can add ash to planting holes of fruit and berry crops or to circles around cherry and plum tree-trunks (once in 3-4 years).
       Ash-blended composted fertilizers grant positive results in boosting of vegetable components moldering, activation and promotion of microorganisms activity.
It is forbidden to apply ash with nitrogenous fertilizers, fresh manure, ammonia nitrate or urea due to losses of nitrogen. Ash blending with superphosphate, phosphorus meal and lime reduces access of potassium to plants.
       Ash is suitable for soaking of seeds before the seeding, namely, for 1 l of water take 2 tablespoons of ash; it shall draw 2 days, then it is necessary to filter it.
       Dry ash applies for post-blossom fertilization of strawberry, tomatoes, berry grounds and fruit trees in order to reduce the risk of blueberry blossom blight infection. Do it after dewfall or spraying plants with water in advance. Use also anti-vermin solutions with ash content, namely, pour 10 l of hot water to 300 g of filter ash and bring it to the boil. Draw and filter the broth. Cut it with water up to 10 l before use.
      Ash keeps properties while storing in dry premises (in case of moisture ingress potassium will be lost). Ash will be good helpmate for you in the years to come.